Water purification treatment is the process of removing harmful chemical and biological substances as well as solids and gases to obtain water for a specific purpose. Water purification is mainly carried out for human consumption (drinking water), but the water purification process is performed for many other purposes such as the production of medicines, the treatment of industrial water, in agriculture, etc.
Water Purification Process
Purified water can be used both in industry and in households.
The best technology is treating water naturally without the use of chemicals. This process serves so we can get healthy drinking water after it. With the help of the aerators, oxygen is intensively injected into the water. That allows the water to be purified. In addition to producing drinking water, the process of water purification is made out for various industrial purposes.
Purification of water by reverse osmosis is used to obtain demineralized water, so-called demi-water. Demineralized water is used for many purposes since it removes all ions. Therefore it can serve as boiler feed water, for humidification, for refrigeration systems, sterilizer refills, in the process of electroplating and other industrial processes.
Water Softening Purification
Water softening purification is performed to remove calcium and magnesium ions and softened water is produced. Softened water does not build up any limescale deposits on the household equipment, such as heaters in boilers and washing machines, or other heating surfaces that come to contact with water. We can also say that water softening is the most common type of water treatment in the industry. Softened water is used in all areas of industry, it is used as boiler feedwater, refrigeration water supply, in washing and dyeing machines for fabrics, for humidification, etc.
Water Purification By Using Mechanical Filters
Purification of water by using mechanical filters of different fineness results in the removal of suspended particles, and a complete clarification of water. Sand filters are also used to purify the water, as well as de-watering agents, which remove dissolved iron and manganese from the water while dissolved organic matters are removed from the water by scavengers.
These mechanical purifiers can be of great help in the industry as well as in your household. By using them on the pipes, the solubility of the water can be significantly increased. The Rings function by using natural oscillations for various kinds of chemical substances. This is the purifying method that does not require any other chemicals in the water or any other energy sources. According to MerusOnline, you can get purified water good for human consumption or industrial purposes. These rings are also very helpful in households. Your pipes and vents will no longer be blocked with limescale or corrosion.
What Kind Of Water Impurities Do We Face?
The most common water pollutions are chemical pollutions, mostly caused by pesticides, coal and petroleum phenols, heavy metals, lead, copper, chromium, cadmium, mercury and zinc. From the thermal pollution, there is acid rain, car exhaust, radioactive pollution where we find the presence of strontium and radium. Where does this type of pollution come from?
Surface waters such as rivers or lakes receive a large amount of wastewater. Wastewater contains biological, chemical, organic and inorganic pollution. This way, the land near the rivers and lakes is polluted. This causes consequences for the wider environment. Groundwater passing through the ground is naturally purified, but some pollution remains. Industrial water filtration only partially retains elements harmful to the human body. Boiling in water destroys a large number of bacteria, but leaving viruses, chemical contaminants, and heavy metals. Water chlorination is disinfection of water, but chlorine is detrimental to health, especially in children.
Water quality is also affected by seasonal geological changes, sources of use and the condition of water pipes. Lead, vinyl chloride and many other carcinogens contained in water pipes penetrate our drinking water. That is why it is important to understand the importance of water quality and starting with one of the methods of water purification on time.